Royal Burgundy Cherry Tree | Guide To Successful Growing – Rennie Orchards (2023)

The Prunus ‘Royal Burgundy’ is a Japanese ornamental cherry tree with dark red leaves that turn scarlet and orange in the fall.

How fast does Prunus ‘Royal Burgundy’ grow?

This species of cherry tree is technically capable of growing as much as one and a half feet to two feet per year, but averages just a single foot of growth per year. The typical Royal Burgundy cherry tree reaches heights of 20 feet in around 20 years.

Read on below and learn more about successfully growing the Prunus ‘Royal Burgundy’ cherry tree!

Royal Burgundy Cherry Tree at a Glance

Below is a chart with all the basic information you need to have a look at in order to determine whether or not this species is right for your home or garden.

Royal Burgundy Cherry TreeDetails
Botanical namePrunus serrulata ‘Royal Burgundy’
Best for Hardiness Zones5 to 8
Mature size20ft tall, 15ft wide
Growth habitGardens, yards, and parkland
Bloom timeSpring (April)
Flower colorPink
Preferred soilMoist, Loamy, and well-draining
Light requirementsModerate to full sun
Watering needsWeekly watering, regularly
Fertilization5-10-10 to 16-16-16

Royal Burgundy Cherry Tree Appearance

The Royal Burgundy cherry tree is a beautiful fruiting tree with pink blooms in the spring, reddish-black leaves in the spring and summer, and scarlet-orange leaves in the fall.

How Tall Does a Prunus ‘Royal Burgundy’ Grow?

The Prunus ‘Royal Burgundy’ grows to heights of around 20 feet tall on average. It commonly takes up to 20 years or more for the trees to hit their maximum height.

How Wide Does a Prunus ‘Royal Burgundy’ Grow?

Prunus ‘Royal Burgundy’ trees have an average width of around 15 feet when they hit full maturity. Some trees max out at well under 10 feet, in less desirable locations, while others growing in prime conditions may reach widths of nearly 20 feet.

Prunus ‘Royal Burgundy’ Growth Rate

The growth rate of the Prunus ‘Royal Burgundy’ is approximately 12 inches per year. It takes the average Royal Burgundy cherry tree around 20 years to reach its full height and width, which is approximately 20 feet tall and 15 feet wide.

Royal Burgundy Cherry Tree Bloom Time & Appearance

This particular sort of cherry tree blooms in the spring-like many cherry trees do. Royal Burgundy trees specifically bloom in April if the conditions are proper. When they bloom they put off countless flowers, creating a fluffy pink canopy. The blooms last for 5 to 10 days, which is average for most cherry trees.

Prunus ‘Royal Burgundy’ Fruit

The fruit of the Prunus ‘Royal Burgundy’ are small, unpalatable, and unpredictable at best (in every sense – how many will bloom, their shape, appearance, and taste). That said, if you’re already researching these trees, you probably aren’t looking for a producing tree to pick fruits from, but an ornamental one instead.

Where Do I Plant Prunus ‘Royal Burgundy’?

The best place to plant a Royal Burgundy cherry tree is in the full sun, in well-draining loamy soil with plenty of organic material mixed in with the soil. When planting multiple trees, leaving a distance of at least 10 to 15 feet between each one is standard practice.

Royal Burgundy Cherry Tree Planting Guide

The instructions for planting Royal Burgundy cherry trees should be familiar if you have planted most any other species of cherry tree before.

Below, we discuss each of the six main steps to properly planting a Royal Burgundy cherry tree, section by section:

Ideal Soil

The ideal soil for the Prunus ‘Royal Burgundy cherry tree is one that is rich with organic matter such as typical garden compost, mixed with loamy well-draining soil.

Light Requirements

The Royal Burgundy cherry tree thrives in full sun conditions but will more than survive in partial sun conditions as well.

Spacing

Depending on how large you want your Royal Burgundy to grow, anywhere from 10 to 20 feet is suggested for spacing (while planting).

Preparing the Planting Hole

Dig your hole in a square shape, around twice as deep as your root ball and three times as well. Prepare some extra rich and loamy organic materials and soil to add into the hole with the backfill when you get to the planting step.

Planting the Tree

Place a bit of the native soil and organic compost into the bottom of the hole (literally just a shovel or two of backfill) and sit the rootball on top of it. Unfurl the roots into the bottom of the hole, stretching them in all directions, while avoiding snapping the largest roots if at all possible.

Watering and Mulching

When you initially plant your Royal Burgundy cherry trees, they’ll require watering every 2 to three days. After the first 2 to 3 weeks, you may reduce watering to once every 5 to 10 days.

Whenever you water your trees, do so deeply and thoroughly, especially within the first 2 to 3 years of planting them.

Will Prunus ‘Royal Burgundy’ Tolerate Light Shade?

This cherry tree species has no problems tolerating light shade conditions. In fact, many homeowners and gardeners enjoy thoroughly thriving Royal Burgundy cherry trees in partial shade conditions in their yards and gardens.

These trees are also popular in parks, where they are just as often in light shade conditions as in the full sun.

Royal Burgundy Cherry Tree Pruning Guide

There are three major points to pruning your Royal Burgundy cherry tree:

  1. Removing dead branches and cutting off broken branches
  2. Pruning away unwanted growth like side shoots and overly long branches
  3. Removing around a third of the overall height of the tree to encourage new growth

When To Fertilize Royal Burgundy Cherry Tree

Fertilizing cherry trees is very specifically best done in the early spring. Fertilizing in the late spring, or early summer affects the fruit and may make it inedible, and fertilizing later in the year doesn’t help the current year’s harvest. In other words, if you want your fertilization process to impact your yield, it has to be in the early spring.

Best Fertilizer for Royal Burgundy Cherry Tree

Fertilizers ranging from 5-10-10 to 16-16-16 is recommended for the Royal Burgundy cherry tree. That said, each yard and garden varies, soil and pH-wise, so you’ll need to do a bit of research before simply picking any one fertilizer based on reviews.

Southern Ag All Purpose Granular Fertilizer

This 5-pound package of granular fertilizer from Southern Ag is all-purpose, with an NPK of 10-10-10, which is perfect for your Royal Burgundy cherry trees. Simply mix it with water (following the manufacturer’s instructions) and apply it once during the early spring (and again in the late summer or early fall if you prefer).

How To Propagate Royal Burgundy

These cherry trees are best propagated via soft cutting in the spring, semi-hard cutting in the summer, or via air-layering. A graft is a third possibility, though requires quite a bit more experience.

Prunus ‘Royal Burgundy’ Problems

The Prunus ‘Royal Burgundy’, for the most part, is a tree that has very few issues when compared to other fruit and landscaping species. That said, it does have a few common problems to be aware of.

Here are the four main problems we found with the Royal Burgundy cherry tree, and solutions for each one:

Planting in the Wrong Location / Poor Maintenance

The number one issue is planting your tree in the wrong location, or planting it and then leaving it to its own devices. If you don’t take good care of your tree for the first few seasons, it’s likely to die off (or at the very least fail to thrive and grow much slower than necessary).

Solution section

Make sure to plant your tree in a location with full to partial sun, in loamy organic soil that’s well-draining, and follow up with it (watering, pruning, and more).

Aphids and Flies (Black and Green)

A few of the main pests that you have to worry about with cherry trees are aphids and flies, even though the ornamental species like the Royal Burgundy tend to attract less than their fruiting cousins.

Solution section

Once these insects are infesting your tree, you’ll have to spray/apply organic pest control, or risk ruining the fruit. That’s why it’s best to use preventative pest control measures.

Blight

Blight is a common disease that bothers a lot of fruiting and non-fruiting tree species alike, targeting and destroying the leaves, including on the Royal Burgundy.

Solution section

The best way to deal with blight is to quickly remove all infected leaves and burn them, as well as apply fungicide to the tree. If left unchecked it spreads rapidly, destroying most of the foliage and stunting fruit production.

Powdery Mildew

Another of the most common issues that affect the Royal Burgundy cherry tree from time to time is the fungal infection known as powdery mildew.

Solution section

Remove the leaves, stems, and other parts of the plant that are affected by the powdery mildew, and then treat the rest of the tree with a fungicide that contains sulfur.

Conclusion

The Prunus ‘Royal Burgundy’ is an excellent choice for those who are looking for a gorgeous blooming tree to add a bit of pink to their landscaping in the spring, and a fiery crimson-dark orange in the fall. They aren’t, however, a good pick for those who want to grow and pick their own cherries for eating.

FAQs

How fast does a Prunus Royal Burgundy grow? ›

Growing to a height and spread of 5 x 3 metres in 20 years, this small, gently spreading cherry variety makes a wonderful feature tree with changing interest throughout the year.

What is the best fertilizer for cherry blossom trees? ›

Nitrogen is the nutrient most used by growing cherry trees; it moves throughout the soil, is leached off by normal growth and must be replaced by synthetic or organic compounds. The main source of nitrogen is decaying organic matter.

What is the prettiest flowering cherry tree? ›

1. Kwanzan Cherry. Easily the showiest of all Flowering Cherries, the Kwanzan's blooms aren't just pink but double pink, meaning you get twice as many petals and twice as many blooms.

What soil do cherry trees like? ›

All Cherries prefer deep, fertile and well-drained soil that is ideally slightly acidic, with a pH 6.5-6.7. They dislike shallow, sandy or poorly drained soil.

Is Prunus Royal Burgundy Evergreen? ›

This tree is deciduous so it will lose all its leaves in autumn, then fresh new foliage appears again each spring.

Which Prunus has red leaves? ›

12 Litre Prunus Royal Burgundy

The 'Royal Burgundy' features showy shell-pink flowers that contrast beautifully with the wine-red leaves.

When should I fertilize cherry trees? ›

Speaking of nutrients, Cherry Trees do benefit from a little fertilizer. Use a fertilizer that's low in nitrogen late in the winter, or in the early spring. About a month before your trees flower is the best time to fertilize.

What is the best compost for cherry trees? ›

If you decide to grow your cherry tree in a container (often preferred in smaller gardens), use a soil-based potting compost such as John Innes No. 3. The same cherry tree garden care guidance applies whether you choose a sweet or tart variety.

How often should cherry trees be watered? ›

Give your cherry tree enough water to soak the ground all around the roots. It's important to note that, even if you're in the midst of a “brown-lawn drought”, you shouldn't water too much. Once every 7- to 10-days (or even once every two weeks) is plenty. Worse than dry, thirsty roots are waterlogged, drowning roots.

What is the most popular cherry tree? ›

Bing cherries are large, dark and one of the most common commercially sold cherries. Black Tartarian is a terrific bearer of large purple-black, sweet, juicy fruit. Tulare is similar to Bing and stores well for a long time.

What is the longest flowering cherry tree? ›

Tai-haku - perhaps the largest flowers of any ornamental cherry. Pink Perfection - the definitive pink blossom tree. Royal Burgundy - for its classic pink double-flowered blossom, and dramatic dark bronze leaves which turn fiery red in the autumn.

What is the most popular cherry blossom tree? ›

Known as Somei-yoshino in Japan, Yoshinos are a hybrid first introduced in Tokyo in 1872. Now, Yoshinos are one of the most popular cultivated flowering cherry trees.

Is compost good for cherry trees? ›

Manure and Organic Compost

Organic matter fertilizers are made from manure or compost and are the safest fertilizer for cherry trees. Though relatively low in nutrients compared to synthetic fertilizers, they can aid cherry tree growth for longer.

Do cherry trees like coffee grounds? ›

Coffee grounds contain nitrogen, phosphorus, magnesium, and copper, all of which are essential to fruit trees. They also raise the pH level in the soil, which is good for the health of the plant. Most fruit trees require slightly acidic soil, so adding coffee grounds will help them thrive.

What kind of cherry tree has red leaves? ›

Purpleleaf Sand CherryPrunus x cistena. This is a very hardy flowering landscape specimen with reddish-purple foliage that keeps its unique color all summer.

Are red leaf cherry tree edible? ›

The fruits are edible, if strong-tasting. Some people make jams or preserves from them. It is not advisable to eat the pits.

Do cherry trees have purple leaves? ›

The leaves of a cherry tree are green and unfold like a wallet. Contrast this with the plum tree leaves that are usually reddish purple. One thing to look for in plum tree identification is the darker leaves. However, a few varieties of plum trees have green leaves.

What tree stays red all year round? ›

Many, but not all, maple trees have their characteristic red leaves year round. These trees are native to Japan, Russia and China, but have become popular for their color, size and relative hardiness, and are bred and planted worldwide.

Which tree has red leaves all year round? ›

What kind of tree has red leaves all year long? Acers are reliably at the top of everyone's list when it comes to the best trees with red leaves all year round. Other types of trees with a constant show of red leaves include Cercis canadensis 'Forest pansy' and Cotinus 'Grace'.

What tree has leaves all year round? ›

Evergreens do not lose their leaves and remain green year-round. These include conifers such as pine, spruce, and cedar trees.

How do I get my cherry tree to produce more fruit? ›

A good watering and fertilizing regime is essential to maintaining a tree's vigor and fruiting capability. Water the cherry trees deeply but at infrequent intervals. Don't over fertilize, especially with nitrogen, as this causes foliage growth at the expense of fruit production.

How can I make my cherry tree grow faster? ›

3 Tips To Make Fruit Trees Grow Faster - YouTube

How can I increase my cherry production? ›

The way to produce large fruit, he said, is to prune to eliminate small fruit on the tree. “Pruning is by far the most important thing a grower can do to produce large, high quality cherries.

How do you rejuvenate an old cherry tree? ›

Remove about a quarter of the remaining older wood, cutting back to a main branch or younger side-shoot. Leave young shoots that are less than 30cm long unpruned. Shorten longer ones, plus any vigorous new extension growth on main branches, by a third to encourage branching.

Why is my cherry tree not growing? ›

Underwatering, poorly draining soil, the wrong pH soil, not enough sun, climate, and pests are reasons a cherry tree is not growing. To bring it back to life, give the cherry tree a gallon of water a week, give it 6 hours of sun a day, ensure the soil has a pH of 6 and is free draining, and treat pests.

Do cherry trees need acidic soil? ›

Flowering cherries grow best in acidic (pH 6.5) well drained, loamy, moist, rich soils, but a pH of 5.5-8.0 is acceptable.

How can you tell if a cherry tree is overwatered? ›

Signs Of Overwatering Trees
  1. The area around the tree is constantly wet.
  2. New growth withers before it's fully grown or becomes light green or yellow.
  3. Leaves appear green but are fragile and break easily.
25 Jul 2017

Can you overwater a cherry tree? ›

Too much water can also suffocate cherry tree roots, causing stunted trees that don't bloom or set fruit and can ultimately lead to plant death. More cherry trees die from too much water than too little. That's why learning more about cherry tree watering is so important.

How do I know if my cherry tree is dying? ›

Search for dry, brittle branches that feel mushy and crumbly to the touch. Examine the tree for signs of illness, such as big areas of missing bark or fissures in the bark. Cherry blossom trees have a green layer beneath their bark known as the cambium. If it has become brown and dry, the tree has regrettably died.

What is the best tasting cherry? ›

But if you want to know which cherries are the sweetest of the sweetest, that would be any of the black cherries. Bing cherries are the leader of this pack, along with their siblings Lambert, Chelan, Sweetheart, and Tulare. You can recognize them by their dark color and heart shape.

What is the sweetest cherry tree? ›

Bing Cherry Tree

What is this? The Bing Cherry Tree is the cherry most people associate with a classic sweet cherry. The gorgeous dark red fruit is shiny with a rich and juicy flavor; perfect for snacking.

What is the fastest growing cherry tree? ›

The fastest growing flowering cherry trees grow 3 feet per year. Yoshino flowering cherry (Prunus yedoensis), also known as Potomac cherry and Tokyo cherry, has a canopy in an oval, rounded or umbrella shape that reaches 35 feet tall.

Do cherry tree roots spread? ›

Root Spread

Because of their shallow root systems, cherry trees have the potential to cause significant damage to surface landscaping.

What is the lifespan of a cherry tree? ›

Across all varieties cherry trees tend to have a short lifespan, typically around 15-30 years. However black cherry trees can live for anything up to 250 years. The oldest known cherry tree is the famous Jindai Zakura in Japan – still flowering every spring an estimated 2,000 years since it was planted.

What is the best time of year to plant a flowering cherry tree? ›

When to plant cherry blossom trees. Container-grown cherry blossom trees (which you're likely to find at garden centres) can be planted at any time of year, although spring and autumn are the best times as the soil is warm and moist and not too dry or cold.

Why is my cherry tree not flowering? ›

The most common reason why cherry trees won't flower properly has to do with the weather. Both climate and weather will play a major role in how well your cherry trees are going to do. If you've planted cherry trees in a climate that isn't suitable for them, then you're likely not going to get great results.

How do you shape a cherry blossom tree? ›

How and When to Prune Cherry Blossom Trees || Quick & Easy Guide

How do I get rid of bugs on my cherry tree? ›

Diazinon, Malathion or insecticidal soap can be used. You may need two or three treatments with the soap, but it is the safest product. However, if the temperature is very warm (80+ degrees), soap can cause some burning of the leaves.

How do I protect my cherry trees from insects? ›

4 Tips For Keeping Bugs Off Any Fruit Tree
  1. Set Up Pest Barricades. Another natural way to keep bugs off of your fruit tree is to set up a pest barricade. ...
  2. Plant Sticky Traps for Pests. This is probably one of the most effective natural ways to keep bugs off of your fruit trees. ...
  3. Spray Your Fruit Trees.
3 Jun 2020

Why are my cherry trees dying? ›

The cause is a fungal disease called Brown Rot Blossom Blight. The blight attacks fruit trees such as fruiting and flowering apricots, cherries, nectarines, peaches and plums. Fungus spores infect the tree blossoms in the spring, when the blooms begin to age.

Can you put wood chips around fruit trees? ›

Wood chips are chips made from the waste of any tree. Arborists often give them away for free. The problem is that if the tree was diseased, the pathogen will remain in the chips and can spread to your fruit tree. Only use wood chips if you know they came from a healthy tree.

Which fertilizer is best for fruit trees? ›

Fruit trees prefer an organic, high nitrogen fertilizer. Blood meal, soybean meal, composted chicken manure, cottonseed meal, and feather meal are all good, organic nitrogen sources. There are also specially formulated fruit tree fertilizers.

Is cow manure good for fruit trees? ›

It's best applied in spring or fall after it has aged into a fine compost. Cow manure is usually aged into compost before it is sold, so it also makes for a good tree manure. Sheep manure has a high nitrogen content, but it has a lower content of other nutrients.

Is Epsom salt good for fruit trees? ›

Epsom Salt is used on fruit trees or vegetables to help them yield larger, sweeter, and more fruits. It works great also for nut trees and fruit shrubs.

What month do cherry trees produce fruit? ›

Cherry trees bloom in the spring and bear cherries in late May, June, or early July. A sweet cherry tree will bear fruit 5 to 9 years after planting, while a sour cherry tree will bear fruit 4 to 6 years after planting. Of course, the time that a cherry tree blooms and bears fruit will depend on the climate.

How long does it take for a cherry tree to bear fruit? ›

Cherry trees generally start bearing fruit in their fourth year; dwarf trees bear fruit a year earlier. One mature, standard-size tart or sweet cherry tree will produce 30 to 50 quarts of cherries each year; a dwarf tree, about 10 to 15 quarts.

How tall does Prunus Pink Perfection grow? ›

Typically grows with a vase-shaped habit when young with often branches drooping at their tips. Can reach to 10-15 ft. tall (3-5 m) and 10-12 ft. wide (3-4 m).

How do you plant Prunus snow showers? ›

Planting Advice For Prunus 'Snow Showers'

To help the tree establish, sprinkle root grow in the hole. Remove the pot, gently loosen the roots and place into the planting hole. Mix 50% of the original soil with 50% compost, fill in the hole and firm around gently. Avoid banking the soil up around the collar of the tree.

Who makes burgundy cherry ice cream? ›

Here's the scoop: our classic flavours of Farm Boy™ Ice Cream are back just in time for warmer weather! Build your cones and sundaes with scoops of your favourite flavours and top with our Farm Boy™ Dessert Sauces, fruit, and more!

Is there a miniature cherry tree? ›

For generations, there was no such thing as a dwarf cherry tree. Instead, cherry trees came in one size only, and that size was "large." Cherry trees can be huge, up to three stories high. But if you have a small garden and no space for a full sized tree, what can you do? Today, you're spoiled for choice.

Where do weeping cherry trees grow best? ›

Choose a planting site that receives full sun to partial shade, and has loose, well-drained soil. Pull any weeds and clear away turfgrass and debris. If you plant your pink weeping cherry tree in full shade, it will not grow as well and be susceptible to root rot.

How fast does autumn cherry tree grow? ›

The Autumn Cherry tree has delicate, broad upright branches. It grows at a fast rate of two feet or more per year until maturity, reaching 20-35 feet in height and 20-25 feet wide. Its lustrous, serrated, oblong-ovate leaves transition from green in the spring to gold, bronze, and red in autumn.

What is a weeping cherry tree? ›

Weeping cherry trees are a variety of ornamental cherry tree with pendulous “weeping” branches that produce clusters of white and pink flowers. While there are dozens of weeping cherry trees (belonging to the genus prunus), common varieties include Higan, Shidare Yoshino and Snow Fountain.

How big do dwarf weeping cherry trees get? ›

Dwarf Weeping cherry trees are great for smaller spaces because they only grow to average heights of 8 to 12 feet. However, some of the largest and best cared for dwarf cherry trees may reach a maximum height of approximately 15 feet or more.

How big do Weeping Yoshino cherry trees get? ›

It can reach a height of 20-30 feet and a spread of 15-20 feet. For planting, the Weeping Yoshino prefers full sun and moist, well-drained soil.

What does burgundy cherry taste like? ›

Balaton: This late-season variety is deep burgundy, a sweet-tart cherry that combines the tangy taste of sour cherries with the richness of sweet cherries. Very firm, very dark, juicy flesh, originally from Hungary. Good for pie.

What is a burgundy cherry? ›

The Prunus 'Royal Burgundy' is a Japanese ornamental cherry tree with dark red leaves that turn scarlet and orange in the fall.

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